In all cases (academic & non-academic), it's best to look at the position description and allow your CV to respond to the stated qualifications. That said, in both cases, CVs usually have Education, Research Experience, Honors/Grants/Awards, and Publications sections.
One of the main differences we've often seen is the use of a Qualifications/Profile Summary section at the top of the page (over education). Like an abstract,it briefly summarizes the skills and experience you offer. This is helpful if the reader will need to tease out your relevant experience because you don't have direct (industry) experience. For example:
Protein biochemist with 13 years of experience in academia and industry. Studied several different proteins and peptides employing a wide variety of biophysical and biochemical methods.
▪ Strong publication record in major journals.
▪ Productive independent researcher with excellent communication & team skills
▪ Can interact effectively with chemists and structural biologists
▪ Experience managing research groups/projects.
Additionally, industry CVs include additional information, such as program management, collaborative experience, presentation skills, technical skills, supervisory experience. etc. either as headings or in the descriptive text of each professional experience. Once again, it depends on the stated qualifications.
Science NextWave has several great articles on this topic, including:
CVs That Open Industry Doors, Dave Jensen: http://nextwave.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2000/06/22/7?
From an Employer's Wish-List to Your CV, Part 2, Career Doctor: http://nextwave.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2003/04/23/5?
Bill L. & Naledi S.