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The 8 Types of Biotechnology

PostPosted: Sun Jul 23, 2006 3:47 pm
by Dave Jensen
I asked a few friends to read over a report from California about the biotechnology industry. Overall, they didn't think that it was worth posting on the forum, because of its focus on Community College training. However, there was once piece of this report that had a brief discussion of the 8 types of biotechnology:

Bioindustry firms can be organized into eight categories based on their end markets:

• Therapeutics: products such as pharmaceuticals and medical devices that cure or reduce the incidence of disease.
• Diagnostics: products that test for the presence of various health or disease states.
• Agricultural: products related to crop and livestock production, including genetic engineering, veterinary activities, plant-based fuels, and food processing.
• Bioremediation: products using biotechnology-designed bioremediation organisms to clean up oil or other spills.
• Energy: products that use bacteria and other biological processes to create new sources of energy. (Converges with agricultural fuels at times.)
• Materials: products that incorporate the use of new materials, including chemicals that are created by the blending of biological, nanotechnology and other emerging technological processes.
• Bioindustry suppliers: specialized materials, equipment or services provided to other bioindustry firms. Such products include, reagents (substances used in chemical reactions), specialized software, and technical instruments for gene splicing.
• Bioinformatics: bioinformatics is an information science using products and services associated with advanced computer based tools including analytical software, data bases, gene models, protein pathway simulations, data mining, and e-commerce.

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Sometimes we tend to lump everything together into one big pile and call it "Biotechnology." This information is interesting only in that it reminds us of how our backgrounds may fit into other niches than just therapeutics (the one sector we all think of).

Dave Jensen, Moderator

From the report "CALIFORNIA’S BIOTECHNOLOGY WORKFORCE TRAINING NEEDS FOR THE 21st CENTURY" By Gus Koehler, Ph.D and Victoria Koehler-Jones, Ph.D of Time Structures, Sacramento, California.